Wedgwood Identification and Dating

Unlike most old English potters, Josiah Wedgwood marked the majority of his products and this is something for which the collector should always look. These trademarks, which always contain the work Wedgwood, have differed for various reasons throughout the company’s history. By becoming familiar with the dozen or so main variations of the Wedgwood mark and by knowing when each was in use, a collector can determine an approximate period of production of an object. A guide to trademarks is listed here and by careful study most collectors can acquire a reasonably sound knowledge.

Determining the specific year of production of an item is somewhat more complicated, and this calls for close examination of a variety of other marks, such as three-letter date marks, registration marks, artists’ signatures or monograms and other devices. In addition to these, the style and method of production should be kept in mind as giving clues to dating.

wedgwood-mark-1759 Probably the first mark. Supposed to have been used by Josiah Wedgwood at Burslem 1759 – 1769.
wedgwood-mark-1764 This is a very rare mark, used at the Bell Works 1764 – 1769.
wedgwood-mark-1759-2 Used in varying sizes from 1759 – 1769.
wedgwood-mark-1769 The circular stamp, without out the inner and outer rings, and with the word Etruria is doubtless the earliest form of the Wedgwood and Bentley stamp, 1769.
wedgwood-mark-basalt-1 This mark, with the word Etruria, was fixed in the corner, inside the plinth of old basalt vases. It is sometimes found on the pedestal of a bust of large figure, 1769 – 1780.
wedgwood-mark-circle This circular stamp, with an inner and outer line, was always placed around the screw of the basalt, granite and Etruscan vases, but is never found on Jasper vases, 1769 -1780.
wedgwood-mark-sig Unique script mark, Wedgwood & Bentley, 1769 – 1780.
wedgwood-mark-356 Mark used on Wedgwood & Bentley intaglios, with the catalogue number varying in size, 1769 – 1780.
wedgwood-mark-wb Very small intaglios were sometimes marked W&B with the catalogue number, or simply with the number only, 1769 – 1780.
wedgwood-mark-1769 Rare mark found only on chocolate and white seal intaglios, usually portraits made of two layers of clay with the edges polished for mounting, 1769 - 1780.
wedgwood-mark-1769-80 These marks, varying in size are found upon busts, granite and basalt vases, figures, plaques, medallions and cameos, from the largest tablet to the smallest cameo, 1769 – 1780.
wedgwood-mark-1795 Varying in size, these marks are attributed to the period after Bentley’s death (1780) and probably used for a time after Josiah’s death 1795.
wedgwood-mark-1790 Very rare mark used for a short period in 1790.
wedgwood-mark-1805 Mark of Josiah Wedgwood II. Supposedly a new partnership or change in the firm. It may be the date when the design was first registered, 1805. Sometimes ‘2nd Feby’ appears instead of ‘Feb 2’.
wedgwood-mark-1822 The mark upon the bone china or porcelain, made 1812 – 1828, always printed either in red, blue or in gold.
wedgwood-mark-queens From 1769 to the present day this mark has been impressed in the clay on Queen’s Ware, or printed in colour. In recent times the words ‘Etruria and Barlaston’ and the name of the pattern have in many cases been printed in addition to the trade mark. From 1780, ornamental Jasper, Black Basalt, cane, terra cotta and Queen’s Ware are always marked with this stamp. The word ‘England’ was added in 1891.
wedgwood-mark--1840 These marks are rarely found on pieces of a very high character. Adopted about 1840 but used for only a short period.
wedgwood-mark--1879 This mark, used on bone china, was adopted in 1878 when the manufacture of bone china was revived. It is printed in various colors.

Wedgwood Mark England 1891

England was added to the mark Wedgwood in 1891 to comply with the American Customs Regulation known as the McKinley Tariff Act.
wedgwood-mark-1974 Mark used today on bone china, developed from mark of 1878. In 1974 the circled R was added to back stamps to indicate that the name ‘Wedgwood’ is a registered trade mark.
wedgwood-mark-1940 This mark, printed in color, is being used today on Queen’s Ware, starting in 1940. In 1974 the circled R was added to back stamps to indicate that the name ‘Wedgwood’ is a registered trade mark.
Oven to Table Wedgwood This mark is printed on oven-to-tableware ranges. The circled R was added to back stamps to indicate that the name ‘Wedgwood’ is a registered trade mark.

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